Deakin University

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Effects of an 18-month community-based, multifaceted, exercise program on patient-reported outcomes in older adults at risk of fracture: secondary analysis of a randomised controlled trial

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 06:02 authored by Jason Talevski, Jenny GianoudisJenny Gianoudis, CA Bailey, PR Ebeling, Caryl NowsonCaryl Nowson, KD Hill, KM Sanders, Robin DalyRobin Daly
Summary: This study identified that an 18-month community-based, multifaceted, exercise program consisting of resistance, weight-bearing impact, and balance/mobility training combined with osteoporosis education and behavioural support can improve health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and osteoporosis knowledge in older adults at risk of fracture, but only for those adherent to the exercise regime. Purpose: To evaluate the effects of an 18-month community-based exercise, osteoporosis education and behaviour change program (Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life) on HRQoL, osteoporosis knowledge and osteoporosis health beliefs. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of an 18-month randomised controlled trial in which 162 older adults aged ≥ 60 years with osteopenia or increased falls/fracture risk were randomized to the Osteo-cise program (n = 81) or control group (n = 81). The program consisted of progressive resistance, weight-bearing impact and balance training (3 days/week); osteoporosis education to facilitate self-management of musculoskeletal health and behavioural support to enhance adherence to exercise. HRQoL, osteoporosis knowledge and osteoporosis health beliefs were assessed using the EuroQoL questionnaire (EQ-5D-3L), Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool and Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale, respectively. Results: Overall, 148 participants (91%) completed the trial. Mean exercise adherence was 55% and mean attendance for the three osteoporosis educational sessions ranged from 63-82%. After 12 and 18 months, there were no significant effects of the Osteo-cise program on HRQoL, osteoporosis knowledge or health beliefs relative to controls. Per protocol analyses (≥ 66% exercise adherence; n = 41) revealed a significant net benefit in EQ-5D-3L utility for the Osteo-cise group relative to controls after 12 months (P = 0.024) and 18 months (P = 0.029) and a significant net improvement in osteoporosis knowledge scores at 18 months (P = 0.014). Conclusion: This study supports the importance of adherence to exercise regimes, as adherence to the Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life program was associated with improvements in HRQoL and osteoporosis knowledge in older adults at increased risk for falls and fractures. Trial registration number: ACTRN12609000100291.



Osteoporosis International






Berlin, Germany







Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal