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Effects of anodal transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (atDCS) on sentence comprehension
journal contributionposted on 2019-03-01, 00:00 authored by Jarrad LumJarrad Lum, Gillian ClarkGillian Clark, Caitlyn M Rogers, James D Skalkos, Ian FuelscherIan Fuelscher, Christian HydeChristian Hyde, Peter EnticottPeter Enticott
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) on sentence and word comprehension in healthy adults. METHODS: Healthy adult participants, aged between 19 and 30 years, received either a-tDCS over the left inferior frontal gyrus (n=18) or sham stimulation (n=18). Participants completed sentence comprehension and word comprehension tasks before and during stimulation. Accuracy and reaction times (RTs) were recorded as participants completed both tasks. RESULTS: a-tDCS was found to significantly decrease RT on the sentence comprehension task compared to baseline. There was no change in RT following sham stimulation. a-tDCS was not found to have a significant effect on accuracy. Also, a-tDCS did not affect accuracy or RTs on the word comprehension task. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides evidence that non-invasive anodal electrical stimulation can modulate sentence comprehension in healthy adults, at least compared to their baseline performance. (JINS, 2019, 25, 331-335).