File(s) under permanent embargo

Effects of fatigue and training on sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) regulation in human skeletal muscle

journal contribution
posted on 01.03.2002, 00:00 authored by J L Li, X N Wang, Steve FraserSteve Fraser, M F Carey, T V Wrigley, M J McKenna
Little is known about fatigue and training effects on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function in human muscle, and we therefore investigated this in eight untrained controls (UT), eight endurance-trained (ET), and eight resistance-trained athletes (RT). Muscle biopsies (vastus lateralis) taken at rest and after 50 maximal quadriceps contractions (180 degrees/s, 0.5 Hz) were analyzed for fiber composition, metabolites and maximal SR Ca(2+) release, Ca(2+) uptake, and Ca(2+)-ATPase activity. Fatigue reduced (P < 0.05) Ca(2+) release (42.1 +/- 3.8%, 43.4 +/- 3.9%, 31.3 +/- 6.1%), Ca(2+) uptake (43.0 +/- 5.2%, 34.1 +/- 4.6%, 28.4 +/- 2.8%), and Ca(2+)-ATPase activity (38.6 +/- 4.2%, 48.5 +/- 5.7%, 29.6 +/- 5.0%), in UT, RT, and ET, respectively. These decreases were correlated with fatigability and with type II fiber proportion (P < 0.05). Resting SR measures were correlated with type II proportion (r > or = 0.51, P < 0.05). ET had lower resting Ca(2+) release, Ca(2+) uptake, and Ca(2+)-ATPase (P < 0.05) than UT and RT (P < 0.05), probably because of their lower type II proportion; only minor effects were found in RT. Thus SR function is markedly depressed with fatigue in controls and in athletes, is dependent on fiber type, and appears to be minimally affected by chronic training status.

History

Journal

Journal of applied physiology

Volume

92

Issue

3

Pagination

912 - 922

Publisher

American Physiological Society

Location

Bethesda, Md.

ISSN

8750-7587

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, American Physiological Society