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Ehealth literacy and health literacy among immigrants and their descendants compared with women of Danish origin: A cross-sectional study using a multidimensional approach among pregnant women

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-28, 01:02 authored by S F Villadsen, H Hadi, I Ismail, Richard Osborne, C T Ekstrøm, Lars Kayser
Objective To explore ehealth literacy, ability to actively engage with healthcare providers and health system navigation among pregnant immigrant women and their descendants compared with women of Danish origin. Design and setting A cross-sectional survey at antenatal clinics in 2016, Denmark. Participants Pregnant women attending antenatal care (n=405). Outcome measures The eHealth Literacy Questionnaire (eHLQ) and two domains from the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ): ability to actively engage with healthcare providers and health system navigation. Range of response options for eHLQ (1-4) and HLQ (1-5). With mixed-effect linear regressions, eHLQ and HLQ among immigrants and their descendants compared with women of Danish origin were assessed. Results The response rate was 75%. The overall trend was lower ehealth literacy and HLQ domains among immigrants and their descendants compared with women of Danish origin. For ehealth literacy, the results suggest that challenges related more to digital abilities than motivation, trust and access to technology. The mean ability to engage with digital services was 3.20 (SD 0.44) for women of Danish origin. Non-Western descendants (-0.14, 95% CI -0.31 to 0.02), non-Western (-0.20, 95% CI -0.34 to -0.06) and Western (-0.22, 95% CI -0.39 to -0.06) immigrants had lower adjusted means of this outcome. No differences in motivation to engage with digital services were found for descendants (-0.00, 95% CI -0.17 to 0.17), non-Western (0.03, 95% CI -0.11 to 0.18) or Western (-0.06, 95% CI -0.23 to 0.10) immigrants compared with the mean of the reference (2.85, SD 0.45). Lower ability to engage with healthcare providers was found for non-Western born immigrants (-0.15, CI 95% -0.30 to -0.01) compared with the mean of women with Danish origin (4.15, SD 0.47). Conclusion Generally, descendant and immigrant women had lower levels of ehealth literacy and health literacy than women of Danish origin. These differences are potentially antecedents of adverse birth outcomes and could inform structural efforts to mitigate health inequalities.

History

Journal

BMJ Open

Volume

10

eISSN

2044-6055