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Electrocatalytic ultrafiltration membrane reactors designed from dry-spun self-standing carbon nanotube sheets

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-15, 22:23 authored by AO Rashed, C Huynh, A Merenda, S Qin, M Maghe, Lingxue KongLingxue Kong, T Kondo, Joselito RazalJoselito Razal, Ludovic DumeeLudovic Dumee
The development of electrochemically active ultrafiltration membrane reactors offers promising perspectives to achieve simultaneous separation and degradation of persistent organic pollutants and support triggered self-cleaning of membrane materials upon surface fouling. Here, electro-responsive ultrafiltration membranes were synthesised from drawable carbon nanotubes (CNT) dry-spun as ultra-thin sheets onto preformed carbon nanofibre (CNF) supports to generate a unique class of electrically conductive and flexible ultrafiltration membranes. The pore size of the CNT-based membranes, on the order of ∼ 28 nm, was fine-tuned by controlling the dry layering and orientation of the CNT sheets to manage the membrane selectivity. The CNT-based membranes were used as effective conductive platforms to promote charge transfer during electrocatalytic degradation of acetaminophen, as a model contaminant. The CNT-based membranes, besides offering water permeance up to 2.77 × 103 L.m−2.h−−1, yielded electrocatalytic kinetic constant up to 46.5 × 10−3 min−1 during combined electrochemical reaction and ultrafiltration process, which is 1.4 to 39 times larger than previously reported values. Such high performance was maintained quite stable even after 8 reuse cycles. These results demonstrate the potential of CNT dry spinning technology for the scalable fabrication of highly permeable, but selective CNT-based membranes with remarkable electrochemical properties towards cost-effective water treatment at an exceptional reaction rate.



Chemical Engineering Journal



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Elsevier BV