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Electrochemical Stability of Zinc and Copper Surfaces in Protic Ionic Liquids

journal contribution
posted on 2022-10-26, 03:48 authored by T L Greaves, D Dharmadana, D Yalcin, J Clarke-Hannaford, A J Christofferson, B J Murdoch, Q Han, S J Brown, C C Weber, M J S Spencer, Chris McConville, C J Drummond, L A Jones
Ionic liquids are versatile solvents that can be tailored through modification of the cation and anion species. Relatively little is known about the corrosive properties of protic ionic liquids. In this study, we have explored the corrosion of both zinc and copper within a series of protic ionic liquids consisting of alkylammonium or alkanolammonium cations paired with nitrate or carboxylate anions along with three aprotic imidazolium ionic liquids for comparison. Electrochemical studies revealed that the presence of either carboxylate anions or alkanolammonium cations tend to induce a cathodic shift in the corrosion potential. The effect in copper was similar in magnitude for both cations and anions, while the anion effect was slightly more pronounced than that of the cation in the case of zinc. For copper, the presence of carboxylate anions or alkanolammonium cations led to a notable decrease in corrosion current, whereas an increase was typically observed for zinc. The ionic liquid-metal surface interactions were further explored for select protic ionic liquids on copper using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to characterize the interface. From these studies, the oxide species formed on the surface were identified, and copper speciation at the surface linked to ionic liquid and potential dependent surface passivation. Density functional theory and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations revealed that the ethanolammonium cation was more strongly bound to the copper surface than the ethylammonium counterpart. In addition, the nitrate anion was more tightly bound than the formate anion. These likely lead to competing effects on the process of corrosion: the tightly bound cations act as a source of passivation, whereas the tightly bound anions facilitate the electrodissolution of the copper.

History

Journal

Langmuir

Volume

38

Pagination

4633 - 4644

ISSN

0743-7463

eISSN

1520-5827