Electrophysiological evidence of RML12 mosquito cell line towards neuronal differentiation by 20-hydroxyecdysdone
journal contributionposted on 2018-07-04, 00:00 authored by Julie Gaburro, Jean-Bernard Duchemin, Prasad N Paradkar, Saeid NahavandiSaeid Nahavandi, Asim BhattiAsim Bhatti
Continuous cell lines from insect larval tissues are widely used in different research domains, such as virology, insect immunity, gene expression, and bio pharmacology. Previous study showed that introduction of 20-hydroxyecdysone to Spodoptera cell line induced a neuron-like morphology with neurite extensions. Despite some results suggesting potential presence of neuro-receptors, no study so far has shown that these neuron-induced cells were functional. Here, using microelectrode arrays, we showed that the mosquito cell line, RML12, differentiated with 20-hydroxyecdysone, displays spontaneous electrophysiological activity. Results showed that these cells can be stimulated by GABAergic antagonist as well as nicotinic agonist. These results provide new evidence of neuron-like functionality of 20-hydroxyecdysone induced differentiated mosquito cell line. Finally, we used this new model to test the effects of two insecticides, temephos and permethrin. Our analysis revealed significant changes in the spiking activity after the introduction of these insecticides with prolonged effect on the neuronal activity. We believe that this differentiated mosquito neuronal cell model can be used for high-throughput screening of new pesticides on insect nervous system instead of primary neurons or in vivo studies.