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Elevated total cholesterol: Its prevalence and population attributable fraction for mortality from coronary heart disease and ischaemic stroke in the Asia-Pacific region

journal contribution
posted on 01.08.2008, 00:00 authored by M Woodward, A Martiniuk, C M Y Lee, T H Lam, S Vanderhoorn, H Ueshima, X Fang, H C Kim, A Rodgers, A Patel, K Jamrozik, Rachel HuxleyRachel Huxley, Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration
Background
About half of the world's cases of cardiovascular disease occur in the Asia-Pacific region. The contribution of serum total cholesterol (TC) to this burden is poorly quantified.

Design
The most recent nationally representative data on TC distributions for countries in the region were sought. Individual participant data from 380483 adults in the Asia Pacific Cohort Studies Collaboration were used to estimate associations between TC and cardiovascular disease.

Methods
High TC was defined as ≥ 6.2 mmol/l, and nonoptimal TC as ≥ 3.8 mmol/l. Hazard ratios for fatal coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischaemic stroke (IS) were found from Cox models. Sex-specific population attributable fractions for high TC and nonoptimal TC were estimated for each country. The former used conventional methods, based on single measures of TC and a fixed dichotomy of risk strata; the latter took account of the continuous positive association between TC and both CHD and IS and regression dilution.

Results
Data were available from 16 countries. Where reported, the prevalence of high TC ranged from 4 to 27%. The fraction of fatal CHD and IS attributable to high TC ranged from 0 to 14% and 0 to 15%, respectively. Although leaving the relative ranking of countries much the same, the fractions estimated for nonoptimal TC were typically at least twice as big, ranging from 0 to 47% and 0 to 35%, respectively.

Conclusion
Conventional methods for estimating disease burden severely underestimate the effect of TC. Cholesterol-lowering strategies could have a tremendous effect in reducing cardiovascular deaths in this populous region.

History

Journal

European Journal of Preventive Cardiology

Volume

15

Issue

4

Pagination

397 - 401

Publisher

Sage Publications

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

2047-4873

eISSN

2047-4881

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2008, European Society of Cardiology