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Endurance training in humans leads to fiber type-specific increases in levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-[gamma] coactivator-1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-[alpha] in skeletal muscle

journal contribution
posted on 01.12.2003, 00:00 authored by Aaron RussellAaron Russell, J Feilchenfeldt, S Schreiber, M Praz, A Crettenand, C Gobelet, C Meier, D Bell, A Kralli, J P Giacobino, O Deriaz
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1) can induce mitochondria biogenesis and has been implicated in the development of oxidative type I muscle fibers. The PPAR isoforms α, β/δ, and γ control the transcription of genes involved in fatty acid and glucose metabolism. As endurance training increases skeletal muscle mitochondria and type I fiber content and fatty acid oxidative capacity, our aim was to determine whether these increases could be mediated by possible effects on PGC-1 or PPAR-α, -β/δ, and -γ. Seven healthy men performed 6 weeks of endurance training and the expression levels of PGC-1 and PPAR-α, -β/δ, and -γ mRNA as well as the fiber type distribution of the PGC-1 and PPAR-α proteins were measured in biopsies from their vastus lateralis muscle. PGC-1 and PPAR-α mRNA expression increased by 2.7- and 2.2-fold (P < 0.01), respectively, after endurance training. PGC-1 expression was 2.2- and 6-fold greater in the type IIa than in the type I and IIx fibers, respectively. It increased by 2.8-fold in the type IIa fibers and by 1.5-fold in both the type I and IIx fibers after endurance training (P < 0.015). PPAR-α was 1.9-fold greater in type I than in the II fibers and increased by 3.0-fold and 1.5-fold in these respective fibers after endurance training (P < 0.001). The increases in PGC-1 and PPAR-α levels reported in this study may play an important role in the changes in muscle mitochondria content, oxidative phenotype, and sensitivity to insulin known to be induced by endurance training.

History

Journal

Diabetes

Volume

52

Issue

12

Pagination

2874 - 2881

Publisher

American Diabetes Association

Location

New York, N.Y.

ISSN

0012-1797

eISSN

1939-327X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, American Diabetes Association