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Enhancement of ion dynamics in organic ionic plastic crystal/PVDF composite electrolytes prepared by co-electrospinning

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2016, 00:00 authored by Xiaoen WangXiaoen Wang, Haijin Zhu, Wren GreeneWren Greene, J Li, Nahid Irani Pour, C Garnier, Jian Fang, M Armand, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, Jenny PringleJenny Pringle, Patrick HowlettPatrick Howlett
Electrospun fibers are widely used in composite material design and fabrication due to their high aspect ratio, high surface area and favorable mechanical properties. In this report, novel organic ionic plastic crystal (OIPC) modified poly(vinylidene difluoride) (PVDF) composite fiber membranes were prepared by electrospinning. These composite materials are of interest for application as solid electrolytes in devices including lithium and sodium batteries. The influence of the OIPC, N-ethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium tetrafluoroborate [C2mpyr][BF4], on the morphology and phase behavior of the composite fibers was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Compared with pure electrospun PVDF fibers, which have an electroactive β phase and a small amount of non-polar α phase, the ion-dipole interaction between OIPC and the polymer in the co-electrospun composite system can reduce the non-polar α phase PVDF, resulting in almost entirely electroactive β phase PVDF. Differential scanning calorimetry shows that the ion-dipole interaction between the OIPC and PVDF can also interrupt the crystalline structure of the OIPC. Solid state NMR analysis also reveals different molecular dynamics of the [C2mpyr][BF4] in co-electrospun fibers compared with pure OIPC. Thus, electrospun [C2mpyr][BF4]/PVDF composite fibers that combine both increased ionic conductivity and almost pure β phase PVDF are demonstrated.

History

Journal

Journal of materials chemistry A

Volume

4

Issue

25

Pagination

9873 - 9880

Publisher

Royal Society of Chemistry

Location

Cambridge, Eng.

ISSN

2050-7488

eISSN

2050-7496

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2016, Royal Society of Chemistry