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Enhancement of the antifouling properties and filtration performance of poly(ethersulfone) ultrafiltration membranes by incorporation of nanoporous titania nanoparticles

Version 2 2024-06-05, 12:25
Version 1 2015-12-04, 14:38
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-05, 12:25 authored by Z Low, Z Wang, S Leong, A Razmjou, L Dumee, X Zhang, H Wang
Nanoporous titania nanoparticles (NTNs) were synthesized and used as an additive at a low concentration of 0.1-1 wt % in the fabrication of poly(ethersulfone) (PES) ultrafiltration membranes via non-solvent-induced phase separation. The structure and properties of nanoparticles were characterized using nitrogen sorption, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The NTNs have a size distribution with a particle size of mainly <100 nm and have a Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller surface area of ∼100 m2 g-1. The modified membranes were fabricated and investigated in terms of their pure water flux, solute rejection, and fouling resistance. The water permeability and molecular weight cutoffs (MWCOs) of membranes were determined under constant-pressure filtration in dead-end mode at 100 kPa. The membrane fouling resistance was characterized under constant flux operation using bovine serum albumin as a model foulant. The membranes were characterized in terms of morphology, porosity, pore size distribution, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, contact angle goniometry, surface free energy, and viscosity of the dope solution. Overall, the modified membrane showed increased wettability and reduced surface free energy and pore size. The modified UF membrane with 0.5 wt % NTN loading exhibited improved fouling resistance (fouling rate of 0.58 kPa/min compared to a rate of 0.70 kPa/min for the control membrane) with ∼80% water flux recovery. The same membrane showed an ∼20% increase in water flux, an improvement in MWCO, and a narrower pore size distribution.

History

Journal

Industrial and engineering chemistry research

Volume

54

Pagination

11188-11198

Location

Washington, D.C.

ISSN

1520-5045

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, American Chemical Society

Issue

44

Publisher

American Chemical Society

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