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Entrepreneurial relationship marketing in 19th century India – the case of railway contractor Joseph Stephens

journal contribution
posted on 23.09.2020, 00:00 authored by Stefan Lagrosen, Achinto RoyAchinto Roy
Our paper is based on the diaries of Joseph Stephens, a 19th century Swedish railway contractor in British India. The Stephens’ diaries, discovered in 2008, are the only one of its kind, offering an insight into the life of a railway contractor from that era. The diaries reveal a web of networks and relationships that helped Stephens achieve success as a small-scale railway contractor. We use the theoretical lens of Gummesson’s entrepreneurial relationship marketing to analyse Stephens’ network of social and work relationships and find a connection between his networks and Gummesson’s framework. We contribute to literature by presenting a different perspective on railway contractors from that period and propose that business practices of the past can be studied vis-à-vis contemporary theories of entrepreneurship and marketing.



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Taylor & Francis


Abingdon, Eng.





Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article