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Ethnoreligious Conflict and Populism: Emotive Political Response in the Rohingya Conflict

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journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2021, 00:00 authored by Costas LaoutidesCostas Laoutides
The rise of populism in the twenty-first century has been marked by the use of religion and national identity as emotive mobilizing forces to increase in-group solidarity and demarcate the notional boundaries of communities. The process often leads to the exclusion of vulnerable ethnoreligious minorities and to increased violence against them. This article analyses the role of fear as a principal emotion in the context of ethnoreligious conflict with reference to the Rohingya conflict in Myanmar. The article is divided in three parts. Part one explores notions of collective fear with reference to religious and ethnic conflict. Part two illustrates how collective existential fear has fuelled populist religious infused responses to the Rohignya conflict leading to the latest mass exodus of 2017. The final part considers whether fear can be an instrument of construction rather than destruction, to help build bridges than destroy, to connect people than isolate them

History

Journal

Religions

Volume

12

Issue

10

Article number

816

Pagination

1 - 12

Publisher

MDPI AG

Location

Basel, Switzerland

eISSN

2077-1444

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal