Deakin University
Browse
evaluatingstrategiestoreduce-2020.pdf (1.77 MB)

Evaluating strategies to reduce arsenic poisoning in south asia: A view from the social sciences

Download (1.77 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2020-01-01, 00:00 authored by Matthew Krupoff, Ahmed MobarakAhmed Mobarak, Alexander van Geen
The World Health Organization has labeled the problem of arsenic contamination of groundwater in South Asia as “the largest mass poisoning in human history.” Various technical solutions to the problem fall into one of two broad categories: (i) cleaning contaminated water before human consumption and (ii) encouraging people to switch to less contaminated water sources. In this paper, we review research on the behavioral, social, political, and economic factors that determine the field-level effectiveness of the suite of technical solutions and the complexities that arise when scaling such solutions to reach large numbers of people. We highlight the conceptual links between arsenic-mitigation policy interventions and other development projects in Bangladesh and elsewhere, as analyzed by development economists, that can shed light on the key social and behavioral mechanisms at play. We conclude by identifying the most promising policy interventions to counter the arsenic crisis in Bangladesh. We support a national well-testing program combined with interventions that address the key market failures (affordability, coordination failures, and elite and political capture of public funds) that currently prevent more deep-well construction in Bangladesh.

History

Journal

Asian Development Review

Volume

37

Issue

2

Pagination

21 - 44

Publisher

Asian Development Bank

Location

Maila, Philipines

ISSN

0116-1105

eISSN

1996-7241

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Usage metrics

    Research Publications

    Categories

    No categories selected

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC