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Evaluation of a method to estimate the point prevalence of cognitive impairment and delirium in a multi‐campus Australian health service

journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-18, 05:08 authored by Penny CaseyPenny Casey, Pēteris Dārziņš, Melinda Webb‐St Mart, Cathryn Baldwin, Kath Riddell, Claire Johnson, Wendy Cross
AbstractObjectiveTo design, test (pilot) and implement a study to estimate the point prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI) and delirium in a multi‐site health service.MethodsClinicians were trained to use the 4 A's Test (4AT) to screen for cognitive impairment and delirium, and the 3‐minute Diagnostic Interview for the Confusion Assessment Method (3D‐CAM) to detect delirium in those with abnormal 4AT results. Outcomes of interest were as follows: (a) rates of cognitive impairment and delirium and (b) feasibility of the approach measured by participation rate, “direct survey activity” time, cost and surveyor preparation.ResultsThe rates of cognitive impairment and delirium were 43.8% (245/559) and 16.3% (91/559), respectively. 90.5% (563/622) of eligible adult patients from 25 acute and subacute wards were seen. “Direct survey activities” averaged 14 minutes (range 2‐45) and cost $11.48 per patient. Training evaluation indicated additional education in the 4AT and 3D‐CAM was needed.ConclusionHealth services could use this streamlined, inexpensive method to estimate the point prevalence of cognitive impairment and delirium.

History

Journal

Australasian Journal on Ageing

Volume

38

Pagination

258-266

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

1440-6381

eISSN

1741-6612

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

4

Publisher

Wiley