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Evaluation of cassava peel waste as lowcost biosorbent for Ni-sorption : equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanism
journal contributionposted on 2011-08-01, 00:00 authored by A Kurniawan, A Kosasih, J Febrianto, Y H Ju, Jaka Sunarso, N Indraswati, S Ismadji
The feasibility of cassava peel waste for Ni-sorption is evaluated in this work. The biosorbents are characterized by Boehm titration, Fourier transform-infra red (FTIR) spectroscopy, Nitrogen sorption, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) analysis (e.g. elemental mapping) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Adsorption experiments are performed in batch mode at 30 °C (303.15 K), 45 °C (318.15 K) and 60 °C (333.15 K). The performance of several temperature dependence forms of isotherm models e.g. Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips and Toth to represent the adsorption equilibrium data is evaluated and contrasted. Sips model demonstrates the best fitting with the maximum uptake capacity for Ni(II) ions of 57 mg/g (0.971 mmol/g) at pH 4.5. For kinetic data correlation, pseudo-second order model shows the best representation. The chemisorption mechanism and thermodynamics aspect are also discussed.