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Evaluation of heat utilization in membrane distillation desalination system integrated with heat recovery

journal contribution
posted on 2015-06-15, 00:00 authored by G Guan, Xing Yang, R Wang, A G Fane
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Aiming to optimize the system-level heat utilization, a pilot-scale direct contact membrane distillation desalination system integrated with heat recovery (DCMD-HX) was studied using Aspen Plus. An implicit expression of gain output ratio (GOR) was derived to reveal the interplay of heat utilization and process parameters including operating conditions, module specifications as well as membrane properties in the DCMD-HX desalination system. Compared to operating temperatures, the feed/permeate recirculating flowrates were identified as the most influential operational factors affecting the GOR. In the current settings, the maximal GOR of 6.0 was observed at low and equivalent feed- and permeate-side flowrates regardless of module specifications. Low flowrates, however, resulted in undesirable low water productivity, which was consistent with the trade-off relationship observed between the heat utilization efficiency and water recovery rate in MD. Employing membranes with high heat-transfer resistance (low conductivity and thicker membrane wall) helped to improve the GOR up to 32%. Simulated results also showed that the GOR value increased by 1.3-fold with the preheater parameter δTHX varying from 5 to 0°C. The non-linear scale-up relationship existed between the membrane area and heat utilization (i.e., GOR) was also observed, indicating the possible uncertainty in accurately predicting the GOR value for industrial-scale desalination systems based on lab-scale module testing.

History

Journal

Desalination

Volume

366

Pagination

80 - 93

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0011-9164

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal