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Evidence for an interaction between exercise and nutrition for improving bone and muscle health.
journal contributionposted on 2014-06-01, 00:00 authored by Robin DalyRobin Daly, Rachel DuckhamRachel Duckham, Jenny GianoudisJenny Gianoudis
Regular exercise and adequate nutrition, particularly dietary calcium, vitamin D, and protein, are prescribed as strategies to optimize peak bone mass and maintain bone and muscle health throughout life. Although the mechanism of action of exercise and nutrition on bone and muscle health are different-exercise has a site-specific modifying effect, whereas nutrition has a permissive generalized effect-there is evidence that combining calcium (or calcium rich dairy foods) or dietary protein with exercise can have a synergetic effect on bone mass and muscle health, respectively. However, many questions still remain as to whether there is a threshold level for these nutrients to optimize the exercise-induced gains. Further studies are also needed to investigate whether other dietary factors, such as vitamin D, soy isoflavones or omega-3 fatty acids, or a multinutrient supplement, can enhance the effects of exercise on bone and muscle health.
JournalCurrent Osteoporosis Reports
Pagination219 - 226
LocationDordrecht , Germany
Publication classificationC Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2014, Springer
Calcium, DietaryDairy ProductsDiet TherapyDietary ProteinsExerciseFatty Acids, Omega-3HumansIsoflavonesOsteoporosisSarcopeniaVitamin DScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineEndocrinology & MetabolismCalciumDairy foodsDietary proteinInteractionOmega-3 fatty acidsSoy isoflavonesVITAMIN-D SUPPLEMENTATIONPHYSICAL-ACTIVITYCALCIUM INTAKEPOSTMENOPAUSAL WOMENPROTEIN SUPPLEMENTATIONINFLAMMATORY MARKERSSKELETAL-MUSCLECONDITIONING PROGRAMHORMONE-REPLACEMENTCONTROLLED TRIAL