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Evidence of changes in membrane pore characteristics due to filtration of dye bath liquors

journal contribution
posted on 2007-02-05, 00:00 authored by P Denyer, Li Shu, Veeriah Jegatheesan
This study was carried out to investigate the treatment of various salt solutions and synthetic dye bath liquors by nanofiltration using Nanomax-50 membrane in a stirred cell with 150 mL working volume. Donnan exclusion was compared by filtering salts with monovalent and divalent cations and anions. This was done by comparing three salts including sodium chloride (NaCl), calcium chloride (CaCl2) and sodium sulphate (Na2SO4). The rejection order determined was Na2SO4>NaCl>CaCl2 which is typical of a negatively charged membrane where Donnan and steric exclusion play an important role in separation. Studies on the flux and rejection characteristics of sodium sulphate were undertaken for concentrations ranging from 10 to 40 gl−1 thereby replicating actual dye bath salt concentrations. Synthetic dye bath liquors were prepared using acidic dye (Acid Green 25) at a fixed concentration of 100 mgl−1 with 10 and 15 gl−1 of sodium sulphate solutions. While, the results showed evidence of flux decline due to increased resistance and decreased transmembrane pressure, pore enlargement occurred after the filtration experiments with sodium sulphate solutions greater than 20 gl−1. Pore enlargement was even more prominent in the two synthetic dye bath liquors filtered. Pore enlargement was determined by observing the pure water flux before and after filtering sodium sulphate solutions or dye bath liquors. An increase in pore diameter of 58 and 94 %was estimated when dye bath liquors containing 10 and 15 gl−1 of sodium sulphate, respectively were filtered through the membrane. The following equation was derived in estimating the pore enlargement, where de1 and de2 are the apparent diameter of membrane pore sizes before and after filtration of salt solutions or dye bath liquors and Rm1 and Rm2 are the membrane resistance of pure water flux before and after filtration of salt solutions or dye bath liquors. These results have important implications for the application of nanofiltration technology to textile wastewater treatment and reuse.

History

Journal

Desalination

Volume

204

Issue

1-3

Pagination

296 - 306

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0011-9164

eISSN

1873-4464

Language

eng

Notes

Presented at EuroMed 2006 conference on desalination strategies in south Mediterranean countries : cooperation between Mediterranean countries of Europe and the southern rim of the Mediterranean.

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2007, Elsevier

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