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Excitotoxic injury profiles of low-affinity kainate receptor agonists in cortical neuronal cultures
journal contributionposted on 1999-08-06, 00:00 authored by R X Moldrich, Steve Cheung, C J Pascoe, P M Beart
Neurotoxic profiles of putative agonists for low-affinity kainate subtypes of L-glutamate receptors (GluR5-7) were determined in cultured cortical neurones. Rank order of neurotoxic potency (microM): (S)-5-iodowillardiine (9) approximately = (2S,4R,6E)-2-amino-4-carboxy-7-(2-naphthyl)hept-6-enoic acid (LY339434, 11) > (2S,4R)-4-methylglutamate (33) > kainate (100) > (RS)-2-amino-3-(hydroxy-5-tert-butylisoxazol-4-yl)propanoic acid (ATPA, 360). Using ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists, neurotoxicity induced by kainate, ATPA and (S)-5-iodowillardiine appeared to involve a GluR5-7 component, unlike LY339434 and (2S,4R)-4-methylglutamate. These putative GluR5-7 agonists exhibited complex excitotoxic profiles highlighting the importance of studying native glutamate receptors.