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Exercise as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the prevention of cardiovascular dysfunction in breast cancer patients

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journal contribution
posted on 01.02.2019, 00:00 authored by Erin J Howden, Ashley Bigaran, Rhys Beaudry, Steve FraserSteve Fraser, Steve SeligSteve Selig, Steve Foulkes, Yoland Antill, Sophie Nightingale, Sherene Loi, Mark J Haykowsky, André La Gerche
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline chemotherapy may be associated with decreased cardiac function and functional capacity measured as the peak oxygen uptake during exercise (



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peak). We sought to determine (a) whether a structured exercise training program would attenuate reductions in



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peak and (b) whether exercise cardiac imaging is a more sensitive marker of cardiac injury than the current standard of care resting left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with early stage breast cancer undergoing anthracycline chemotherapy were able to choose between exercise training (mean ± SD age 47 ± 9 years, n = 14) or usual care (mean ± SD age 53 ± 9 years, n = 14). Measurements performed before and after anthracycline chemotherapy included cardiopulmonary exercise testing to determine



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peak and functional disability (



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peak < 18 ml/min/kg), resting echocardiography (LVEF and global longitudinal strain), cardiac biomarkers (troponin and B-type natriuretic peptide) and exercise cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to determine stroke volume and peak cardiac output. The exercise training group completed 2 × 60 minute supervised exercise sessions per week. RESULTS: Decreases in



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peak during chemotherapy were attenuated

History

Journal

European journal of preventive cardiology

Volume

26

Issue

3

Pagination

305 - 315

Publisher

SAGE Publications

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

2047-4873

eISSN

2047-4881

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, The European Society of Cardiology