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Experience with and attitudes toward psychotherapy and antidepressants among patients with inflammatory bowel disease and functional gastrointestinal disorders: an online patient survey to inform system design

journal contribution
posted on 2016-07-01, 00:00 authored by Antonina Mikocka-WalusAntonina Mikocka-Walus, J M Andrews
This study aimed to explore and compare experiences with and attitudes toward psychotherapy and antidepressants of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGiDs). Patients from gastroenterology clinic databases were invited to an online survey. Student's t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher's test were used to compare patients with IBD and FGiD on demographics and variables of interest. Of 86 participants, 56 (65%) had IBD and 30 (35%) had FGiDs. Mean levels of anxiety, depressive, and stress symptoms were within the moderate to severe range. Psychological care and antidepressants were offered to significantly more FGiD than to IBD respondents (37% vs. 9%; p = .009). Although the symptoms were generally reduced after the prescription of antidepressants, only 30% of IBD respondents and 21% of FGiD respondents using antidepressants would recommend them to others. In contrast, 53% of IBD respondents and 69% of FGiD respondents who used psychotherapy would recommend it to others. Both these therapies were valued by recipients; however, neither was reported to improve gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. Given the high desire for and positive experiences of psychological care for these 2 common GI conditions, access to formal psychological support services within GI clinics would appear to be the most efficient model.

History

Journal

Gastroenterology nursing

Volume

39

Issue

4

Pagination

278 - 286

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Location

Philadelphia, Pa.

ISSN

1042-895X

eISSN

1538-9766

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2016, Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates