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Experimental investigation of thermo-physical properties of soil using solarisation technology

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-18, 03:08 authored by A Gatea, Abbas KouzaniAbbas Kouzani, Akif KaynakAkif Kaynak, Sui Yang KhooSui Yang Khoo, M Norton
Soil Thermo-Physical Properties (TPP) depend on heat transfer in the soil. This paper presents a study on different soil solarisation technologies influenced by soil TPP. This study evaluates three factors: The tillage depth for soil at three levels (15, 25 and 45 cm), the number of plastic film at three levels (single, double and without plastic film) and three cases of fertilizers (chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizer and without fertilizer). The parameters explored in this study include soil bulk density (Mg/cm3), soil porosity (%), soil volumetric moisture content (cm3/cm3) and soil thermal diffusivity (m2/sec). Data management and analysis were performed using SAS 9.1 statistical software and the spilt-plot under Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). The results show that soil Tillage Depth (TD) strongly influences TPP, as well as a significant effect on soil bulk density ( b), porosity ( ), volumetric moisture content ( ) and thermal diffusivity (D). The results also reveal that a tillage depth of 15 cm produces lower values of b, and D (1.25 Mg/cm3, 0.131 cm3/cm3 and 1.24×10−6 m2/sec, respectively) and a higher value of (52.78%). In addition, the finding indicates that b is increased by increasing TD. There was a significant positive correlation between the number of plastic film and parameters studied.The soil double plastic film produced lower values of b and D for soil (1.253 Mg/cm3, 7.76×10−7m2/sec). However, it recorded higher values for and for soil (52.70% and 0.231 cm3/cm3, respectively). Furthermore, the current study shows significant differences between the types of fertilizers on b. Organic Fertilizer (OF) obtained a lower value of b (1.2 Mg/m3), compared with chemical fertilizer and without fertilizer (1.28 and 1.31 Mg/m3, respectively). In contrast, contrary to expectations, this study did not find significant differences between the types of fertilizer on D and for soil. A positive correlation was found in the interaction between the studied factors in the parameters. Furthermore, D increased with increasing soil bulk density (pb) and tillage depth.

History

Journal

American journal of applied sciences

Volume

14

Pagination

649-661

Location

[Vails Gate, N.Y.]

Open access

  • Yes

ISSN

1546-9239

eISSN

1554-3641

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Ahmed Abed Gatea Al-Shammary, Abbas Kouzani, Akif Kaynak, Sui Yang Khoo and Michael Norton

Issue

7

Publisher

Science Publications