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Exploring the effectiveness of a regional nurse practitioner led, long-acting injectable buprenorphine-based model of care for opioid use disorder
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-05, 01:43 authored by T Strike, D D'Angelo-Kemp, Adam SearbyAdam Searby
The introduction of long-acting injectable buprenorphine preparations for opioid use disorder has been widely heralded as a breakthrough treatment, with several studies indicating positive results when using these medications. In many locations, nurse practitioners prescribe, administer, and monitor long-acting injectable preparations. The objective of this paper is to explore whether a reduction in dispensed needles and syringes is attributable to increased nurse practitioner prescribing of LAIB. We used a retrospective audit of needles dispensed through the health service needle and syringe program vending machine, and individuals treated with long-acting injectable buprenorphine by the nurse practitioner led model. In addition, we examined potential factors that may influence changes in the number of needles dispensed. Linear regression found that each individual with opioid dependence treated with long-acting injectable buprenorphine was associated with 90 fewer needles dispensed each month (p < 0.001). The nurse practitioner led model of care for individuals with opioid dependence appears to have influenced the number of needles dispensed at the needle and syringe program. Although all confounding factors could not be discounted entirely, such as substance availability, affordability, and individuals obtaining injecting equipment elsewhere, our research indicates that a nurse practitioner led model of treating individuals with opioid use disorder influenced needle and syringe dispensing in the study setting.
buprenorphineinjectablenurse practitionersnurse-led clinicsopioid substitution treatmentopioid-related disordersBrain DisordersSubstance MisuseDrug Abuse (NIDA only)8.1 Organisation and delivery of services8 Health and social care services research3 Good Health and Well BeingPublic Health and Health Services not elsewhere classifiedNursing not elsewhere classifiedPsychology not elsewhere classified