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Factors associated with breast and cervical cancer screening behaviours

journal contribution
posted on 2001-01-01, 00:00 authored by Sally Savage, Valerie Clarke
To investigate the factors associated with the use of screening mammography for breast cancer and cervical smear tests for cervical cancer, a theoretical framework was used comprising elements from the Health Belief Model, the Theory of Reasoned Action, and illness representations from the self-regulatory model. Items reflecting older women’s illness representations about cancer and cancer screening were derived from an earlier qualitative study. Using a highly structured interview schedule, telephone interviews were conducted with 1,200 women aged 50-70 years. There were considerable similarities between the factors associated with both mammography and cervical smear test behaviours. The factors associated with screening mammography behaviour were: perceived barriers, perceived benefits, social influence, the illness representations, and marital status. The factors associated with cervical smear test behaviour were: perceived barriers, perceived benefits, emotions as a cause of cancer, feeling frightened of cancer, the illness representations, having a usual general practitioner, and being younger.

History

Journal

Health education

Volume

101

Issue

4

Pagination

176 - 186

Publisher

Emerald Group Publishing

Location

Bingley, England

ISSN

0965-4283

eISSN

1758-714X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Emerald Group Publishing

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