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Familial adult myoclonic epilepsy: recognition of mild phenotypes and refinement of the 2q locus

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Version 2 2024-06-13, 11:35
Version 1 2018-07-10, 10:01
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-13, 11:35 authored by Douglas E Crompton, Lynette G Sadleir, Catherine J Bromhead, Melanie Bahlo, Susannah T Bellows, Todor Arsov, Rosemary Harty, Kate M Lawrence, John W Dunne, Samuel F Berkovic, Ingrid E Scheffer
BACKGROUND: Familial adult myoclonic epilepsy (FAME) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by a core triad of cortical tremor, multifocal myoclonus, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. OBJECTIVES: To expand the phenotypic spectrum of FAME, to highlight diagnostic pointers to this underrecognized disorder, and to refine the FAME2 genetic locus. DESIGN: Observational family study. SETTING: The study was coordinated in a tertiary academic hospital, with data acquired in diverse primary, secondary, and tertiary care settings. PARTICIPANTS: Consenting members of a single large family. RESULTS: A 6-generation FAME kindred of European descent was ascertained in New Zealand and Australia. Affected family members (N = 55) had fine hand tremor, with onset typically in adolescence (median age, 15 years; age range, 4-60 years). Proximal myoclonus was present in 44 of 55 (80%), arising later than hand tremor (median age, 17 years; age range, 5-60 years). Generalized tonic-clonic seizures occurred in 8 of 55 (15%), with a median age at onset of 43.5 years (age range, 18-76 years). Neurophysiological testing confirmed features of cortical reflex myoclonus. Genetic mapping narrows the FAME2 (OMIM 607876) locus on chromosome 2 to a 13.3-megabase interval, harboring 99 known protein-coding genes. CONCLUSIONS: The most common FAME phenotype in this large family is mild postural hand tremor resembling essential tremor, combined with subtle proximal myoclonus. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures are uncommon and occur around sleep onset following severe generalized myoclonus.

History

Journal

Archives of neurology

Volume

69

Pagination

474-481

Location

Chicago, Ill.

Open access

  • Yes

eISSN

1538-3687

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2012, American Medical Association

Issue

4

Publisher

American Medical Association