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Folic acid fortification of flour to prevent neural tube defects in Europe – A position statement by the European Board and college of obstetrics and gynaecology (EBCOG)

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-20, 04:15 authored by S Petch, F McAuliffe, Sharleen O'ReillySharleen O'Reilly, C Murphy, S Coulter-Smith, DA de Campos, H Khattak, T Mahmood
Neural tube defects are disabling birth defects developing during the very early stages of conception. Children born with spina bifida face significant physical, psychological and social consequences. They may have bowel and urinary dysfunction, and no lower limb muscle control, resulting in lifelong wheelchair use. There is robust evidence that periconceptual folic acid supplementation prevents neural tube defects, when compared with no intervention. However, approximately 40% pregnancies in Europe are unplanned, and women may therefore not be taking prophylactic folic acid at the time of conception. There is evidence that low dose folic acid consumption via flour fortification provides further benefits in prevention of neural tube defects.

History

Journal

European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology

Volume

279

Pagination

109-111

Location

Ireland

ISSN

0301-2115

eISSN

1872-7654

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

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