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Formation of hollow MoS₂/carbon microspheres for high capacity and high rate reversible alkali-ion storage
journal contributionposted on 01.01.2018, 00:00 authored by Tianyu Yang, J Liang, I Sultana, Md Mokhlesur RahmanMd Mokhlesur Rahman, M J Monteiro, Ying (Ian) ChenYing (Ian) Chen, Z Shao, S R P Silva, J Liu
Nanocomposites of carbon and molybdenum disulfide have attracted much attention due to their significant potential in energy conversion and storage applications. However, the preparation of these 0-D MoS2/carbon composites with controllable structures and desirable properties remains a major manufacturing challenge, particularly at low cost suitable for scaling-up. Here, we report a facile solution-based method to prepare porous hierarchical 0-D MoS2/carbon nanocomposites with vertical MoS2growth on a hollow carbon support, suitable for the electrochemical storage of lithium and sodium ions. The vertically aligned MoS2/hollow carbon material shows excellent performance in the storage of a series of alkali-metal ions (e.g. Li+, Na+, and K+) with high capacity, excellent rate capacity, and stable cyclability. When used for the storage of Li+ions, it possesses a high capacity of over 800 mA h g-1at a rate of 100 mA g-1, with a negligibly small capacity decay as low as 0.019% per cycle. At a substantially higher rate of 5 A g-1, this MoS2/carbon nanocomposite still delivers a capacity of over 540 mA h g-1, showing its excellent performance at high rates. Remarkably, this material uniquely delivers high capacities of over 450 mA h g-1and 300 mA h g-1for Na+and K+ion storage, respectively, which are among the highest values reported to date in the literature. These excellent characteristics confirm the hollow MoS2/carbon nanocomposites to be a primary contender for next generation secondary batteries.