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Fungal Mastoiditis in immunocompromised children
journal contributionposted on 1999-01-01, 00:00 authored by C Slack, D Watson, M Abzug, C Shaw, K Chan
The immunocompromised host is subject to a variety of opportunistic infections. Mycotic infections, including invasive fungal sinusitis, are a dreaded complication in immune deficient children. Fungal mastoiditis has rarely been described in this population. Our experience with 2 cases of fungal mastoiditis in immunocompromised children is reviewed. Case histories describing aggressive medical management with and without surgical intervention and a review of the literature are presented.Fungal mastoiditis is a rare entity described in isolated case reports in the adult literature. It is seen almost entirely in immunocompromised patients, particularly those lacking cell-mediated immunity. The first case of Aspergillus mastoiditis was described in 1985.1 Reports of fungal mastoiditis have been primarily of patients with leukemia, and, more recently, of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.2,3 Using a computerized search of the MEDLINE database, we identified 1 report (in a non–English language journal) of fungal mastoiditis in a pediatric patient.4 We report 2 cases of fungal mastoiditis in immunosuppressed children.