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Fuzzy cognitive map approach to analyze causes of change orders in construction projects

journal contribution
posted on 2018-02-01, 00:00 authored by M Khanzadi, Farnad NasirzadehFarnad Nasirzadeh, M S Dashti
The negative impacts of change orders on construction projects are well documented in the literature. Effective management of change orders requires a comprehensive approach to identify and analyze their causes. A change order in construction projects is usually an outcome of combining several interrelated causes, rather than a single cause. Most of the previous studies have considered the causes of change orders as independent causes. However, the causes of change orders have a complicated causal structure, which makes it difficult to independently analyze and prioritize them. Therefore, this study contributes to the body of knowledge in change order management by proposing a fuzzy cognitive map (FCM) approach, which has the capability to analyze the causes of change orders considering their entire causal interactions. The root causes of change orders, as well as the direct ones, can be identified and prioritized by the proposed approach. The manageability of the causes can also be analyzed by the FCM approach. The performance of the proposed approach is evaluated by implementing it in a real construction p roject. A modeling-validating approach is used to construct and validate the FCM model. It is believed that the proposed FCM approach presents a powerful tool for analyzing the causes of change orders. In addition, this research contributes to knowledge in the area of FCMs by proposing a new inference law.



Journal of construction engineering and management






1 - 12


American Society of Civil Engineers


Reston, Va.





Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2018, ASCE