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GAN-MD: A myocarditis detection using multi-channel convolutional neural networks and generative adversarial network-based data augmentation

journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-18, 04:19 authored by H Ahmadi Golilarz, A Azadbar, Roohallah AlizadehsaniRoohallah Alizadehsani, JM Gorriz
Myocarditis is a significant public health concern because of its potential to cause heart failure and sudden death. The standard invasive diagnostic method, endomyocardial biopsy, is typically reserved for cases with severe complications, limiting its widespread use. Conversely, non-invasive cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging presents a promising alternative for detecting and monitoring myocarditis, because of its high signal contrast that reveals myocardial involvement. To assist medical professionals via artificial intelligence, the authors introduce generative adversarial networks - multi discriminator (GAN-MD), a deep learning model that uses binary classification to diagnose myocarditis from CMR images. Their approach employs a series of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) that extract and combine feature vectors for accurate diagnosis. The authors suggest a novel technique for improving the classification precision of CNNs. Using generative adversarial networks (GANs) to create synthetic images for data augmentation, the authors address challenges such as mode collapse and unstable training. Incorporating a reconstruction loss into the GAN loss function requires the generator to produce images reflecting the discriminator features, thus enhancing the generated images' quality to more accurately replicate authentic data patterns. Moreover, combining this loss function with other regularisation methods, such as gradient penalty, has proven to further improve the performance of diverse GAN models. A significant challenge in myocarditis diagnosis is the imbalance of classification, where one class dominates over the other. To mitigate this, the authors introduce a focal loss-based training method that effectively trains the model on the minority class samples. The GAN-MD approach, evaluated on the Z-Alizadeh Sani myocarditis dataset, achieves superior results (F-measure 86.2%; geometric mean 91.0%) compared with other deep learning models and traditional machine learning methods.

History

Journal

CAAI Transactions on Intelligence Technology

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

2468-6557

eISSN

2468-2322

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Wiley