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Gender differences in drinking restraint.

Version 2 2024-06-03, 15:40
Version 1 2017-08-01, 14:34
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 15:40 authored by JP Connor, RJ Williams, LA Ricciardelli
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the factor structure and the predictive power of drinking restraint for men and women as measured by the Temptation and Restraint Inventory (TRI). The TRI assesses two factors: Cognitive-Emotional Preoccupation (CEP) and Cognitive-Behavioral Control (CBC). METHOD: A group of 418 drinkers was drawn from a university sample and divided by gender into two groups. Men (n = 122) were of a mean age (+/-SD) of 23 +/- 7 years; women (n = 296) were of a mean age of 22.5 +/- 8 years. Subjects completed the TRI and the Alcohol Dependence Scale (ADS) and validated quantity and frequency of drinking indices. RESULTS: Drinking restraint for the men was found to better predict alcohol dependence, quantity of drinking and frequency of drinking. Moreover, two factors confirming the TRI's CEP and CBC model were extracted for the men, but only one factor was extracted for the women. CONCLUSIONS: It was proposed that, as men tend to drink greater amounts of alcohol more often, they have learned to distinguish more clearly the conflicts in their personal control over drinking. If the TRI is to be used as a diagnostic and treatment tool, it is recommended that clinicians be cognizant of possible gender differences in restrained drinking behavior.

History

Journal

Journal of studies on alcohol. Supplement

Volume

60

Pagination

643-646

Location

United States

ISSN

0363-468X

Language

eng

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article

Copyright notice

1999, Journal of Studies on Alcohol Inc.

Issue

5

Publisher

Journal of Studies on Alcohol Inc.

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