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General approach for electrochemical functionalization of glassy carbon surface by in situ generation of diazonium ion under acidic and non-acidic condition with a cascade protocol
journal contributionposted on 2014-09-01, 00:00 authored by H Salehzadeh, D Nematollahi, V Khakyzadeh, B Mokhtari, Luke HendersonLuke Henderson
Immobilization of catechol derivatives on GC electrode surfaces can be performed by in situ generation and reduction of nitrocatechol. We present the oxidative nitration of catechol in the presence of nitrous acid followed by electrochemically reduction of the generated nitro aromatic group to the corresponding amine group and its conversion to diazonium cation at the electrode surface to yield a surface covalently modified with catechol. In this manner, some derivatives of catechol can be immobilized on the electrode surface. Whole of the process is carried out in Triethylammonium acetate ionic liquid as an inert and neutral medium (pH∼7.0). Surface coverage can be easily controlled by the applied potential, time and concentration of catechol. After modification, the electrochemical features of modified surface have been studied. Also modified GC electrode exhibited remarkable catalytic activity in the oxidation of NADH. The catalytic currents were proportional to the concentration of NADH over the range 0.01-0.80 mM. This condition can be used for modification of GC surfaces by various aromatic molecules for different application such as design of sensors and biosensors. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.