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Generational shifts in attitudes and beliefs about alcohol: An age-period-cohort approach
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-20, 22:52 authored by M Livingston, S Callinan, A Pennay, WS Yuen, Nicholas Taylor, P Dietze
Introduction and aims: Population level alcohol consumption has declined markedly in Australia in the past two decades, with distinct generational patterns. The underlying reason for this shift remains unclear and there has been little work assessing how attitudes and beliefs about alcohol have shifted in population sub-groups. Design and methods: Using seven waves of survey data spanning 19 years (2001–2019, n = 166,093 respondents aged 14 +), we assess age, time-period and birth cohort effects on trends in four measures of alcohol attitudes (disapproval of regular alcohol use, perceptions of safe drinking levels for men and women and perception that alcohol causes the most deaths of any drug in Australia). Results: There were steady increases in period effects for perceived safe drinking levels (especially for men) and belief that alcohol causes the most deaths. Disapproval of regular use has been stable at the population level, but there are marked cohort differences, with early and recent cohorts more likely than others to disapprove of regular alcohol use. Discussions and conclusions: These findings point to a broad lowering of perceived safe levels of drinking across the population alongside a sharp increase in disapproval of drinking for recent cohorts, potentially contributing to the reductions in drinking that have been reported in these cohorts.
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Age-period-cohortAlcoholSurveysTrendsMaleHumansFemaleAlcohol DrinkingAttitudeEthanolSurveys and QuestionnairesAustraliaAlcoholism, Alcohol Use and HealthSubstance Abuse2 Aetiology2.4 Surveillance and distributionCardiovascularStrokeCancerOral and gastrointestinal3 Good Health and Well BeingMedical and Health SciencesPsychology and Cognitive Sciences