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Geographic approach in malaria control in the central highlands of Madagascar

journal contribution
posted on 2001-01-01, 00:00 authored by F Rakotomanana, Isabelle Jeanne, J B Duchemin, V Pietra, L Raharimalala, M L Tombo, F Ariey
Following the severe malaria outbreak in the central highlands in Madagascar in 1986, a vector control program by use DDT pm 75 house-spraying has been implemented to operate in areas located at altitudes between 1000 and 1500 m. Early treatment with chloroquine has also been incorporated in the control program. To detect areas at particular high risk for malaria outbreak the Geographic Information System (GIS) has been applied and tested. The study has shown that the system can be used in malaria surveillance in order to identify areas in which an intense distribution of Anopheles funestus can be anticipated and, hence, targeted in spraying campaigns. The system may also be used to monitor changes in anti-malarial drug resistance, in addition, to control of other vector-born diseases.

History

Journal

Archives de l'Institut Pasteur de Madagascar

Volume

67

Issue

1-2

Pagination

27 - 30

ISSN

0020-2495

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article