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GridAttackAnalyzer: A Cyber Attack Analysis Framework for Smart Grids
journal contributionposted on 2022-09-29, 04:42 authored by T D Le, M Ge, Adnan AnwarAdnan Anwar, Seng LokeSeng Loke, R Beuran, Robin Ram Mohan DossRobin Ram Mohan Doss, Y Tan
The smart grid is one of the core technologies that enable sustainable economic and social developments. In recent years, various cyber attacks have targeted smart grid systems, which have led to severe, harmful consequences. It would be challenging to build a real smart grid system for cybersecurity experimentation and validation purposes. Hence, analytical techniques, with simulations, can be considered as a practical solution to make smart grid cybersecurity experimentation possible. This paper first provides a literature review on the current state-of-the-art in smart grid attack analysis. We then apply graphical security modeling techniques to design and implement a Cyber Attack Analysis Framework for Smart Grids, named GridAttackAnalyzer. A case study with various attack scenarios involving Internet of Things (IoT) devices is conducted to validate the proposed framework and demonstrate its use. The functionality and user evaluations of GridAttackAnalyzer are also carried out, and the evaluation results show that users have a satisfying experience with the usability of GridAttackAnalyzer. Our modular and extensible framework can serve multiple purposes for research, cybersecurity training, and security evaluation in smart grids.