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Growth failure in cystic fibrosis

Version 2 2024-06-03, 12:23
Version 1 2017-05-09, 14:43
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 12:23 authored by Sarah McNaughtonSarah McNaughton, DA Stormont, RW Shepherd, PW Francis, B Dean
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the nutritional status of children aged 0-18 years attending the cystic fibrosis (CF) clinic at the Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia, as outpatients in 1986 and 1996. METHODOLOGY: The heights, weights and pulmonary function of children attending the CF clinic as outpatients in 1986 (n = 97) and 1996 (n = 227) were retrospectively analysed using a computerized database maintained by the CF clinic. The heights and weights were analysed in terms of z scores for height for age (HAZ), weight for age (WAZ) and weight for height (WHZ). Pulmonary function data is not available for all children. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced mid expiratory flows (FEF) were expressed as a percentage of predicted and are presented here. RESULTS: The 1986 sample consisted of 41 males (age range 0.18-14.59 years, mean age 6.52 (4.33)) and 56 females (age range 0.15-14.97 years, mean age 7.75 (3.70)). The 1996 sample consisted of 111 males (age range 0.09-17.97 years, mean age 8.80 (5.49)) and 114 females (age range 0.12-17.98 years, mean age 8.49 (5.26)). In 1986, males were shorter than females (P = 0.0096) and females had a lower mean FVC than males (P = 0.0438). In 1996, males were shorter, lighter and more wasted than females (P = 0.0357, P = 0.0034 and P = 0.0273, respectively) and females had a lower mean FEV1 and mean FVC than males (P = 0.0176 and P = 0.0079, respectively). Males in 1996 were lighter and more wasted than males in 1986 (P = 0.0023 and P = 0.0139, respectively) and had a lower mean FEV1, mean FVC and mean FEF (P < 0.0001, P = 0.0012 and P = 0.0069, respectively). Females in 1996 were shorter and lighter than females in 1986 (P = 0.0273 and P = 0.0405, respectively) and had a lower mean FEV1, mean FVC and mean FEF (P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001, respectively). When subjects were classified according to FEV1 (FEV1 > or = 75% or FEV1 < 75%), there were no significant differences in z scores between the 1986 group and 1996 group. Similarly, when the 1986 group were matched for gender and FEV1 with the 1996 group, there were no significant differences in z scores for males or females. CONCLUSIONS: It is suggested that the apparent worsening of nutritional status among the 1996 group of CF patients is in fact due to an effect of increased survival of patients with more severe clinical symptoms. The findings from this study highlight the continuing, and in fact, worsening problem of growth failure in children with CF.

History

Journal

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health

Volume

35

Pagination

86-92

Location

Chichester, Eng.

ISSN

1034-4810

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

1999, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing

Issue

1

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing