Deakin University

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HIV-1 down-modulates γ signaling chain of FcγR in human macrophages : a possible mechanism for inhibition of phagocytosis

journal contribution
posted on 2002-03-15, 00:00 authored by K Kedzierska, P Ellery, Johnson Mak, S Lewin, S Crowe, A Jaworowski
HIV-1 infection impairs a number of macrophage effector functions, thereby contributing to development of opportunistic infections and the pathogenesis of AIDS. FcγR-mediated phagocytosis by human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) is inhibited by HIV-1 infection in vitro, and the underlying mechanism was investigated in this study. Inhibition of phagocytosis directly correlated with the multiplicity of HIV-1 infection. Expression of surface FcγRs was unaffected by HIV-1 infection, suggesting that inhibition of phagocytosis occurred during or after receptor binding. HIV-1 infection of MDM markedly inhibited tyrosine phosphorylation of the cellular proteins, which occurs following engagement of FcγRs, suggesting a defect downstream of initial receptor activation. FcγR-mediated phagocytosis in HIV-infected MDM was associated with inhibition of phosphorylation of tyrosine kinases from two different families, Hck and Syk, defective formation of Syk complexes with other tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins, and inhibition of paxillin activation. Down-modulation of protein expression but not mRNA of the γ signaling subunit of FcγR (a docking site for Syk) was observed in HIV-infected MDM. Infection of MDM with a construct of HIV-1 in which nef was replaced with the gene for the γ signaling subunit augmented FcγR-mediated phagocytosis, suggesting that down-modulation of γ-chain protein expression in HIV-infected MDM caused the defective FcγR-mediated signaling and impairment of phagocytosis. This study is the first to demonstrate a specific alteration in phagocytosis signal transduction pathway, which provides a mechanism for the observed impaired FcγR-mediated phagocytosis in HIV-infected macrophages and contributes to the understanding of how HIV-1 impairs cell-mediated immunity leading to HIV-1 disease progression.



Journal of immunology






2895 - 2903


American Association of Immunologists


Bethesda, Md.







Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002, The American Association of Immunologists