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Habits of Mind

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-28, 04:34 authored by Cathy LeggCathy Legg, Jack ReynoldsJack Reynolds
Although pragmatism and phenomenology have both contributed significantly to the genealogy of so-called “4E” – embodied, embedded, enactive and extended – cognition, there is benefit to be had from a systematic comparative study of these roots. As existing 4E cognition literature has tended to emphasise one or the other tradition, issues remain to be addressed concerning their commonalities – and possible incompatibilities. We begin by exploring pragmatism and phenomenology’s shared focus on contesting intellectualism, and its key assumption of mindedness as representation. We then outline distinctive insights from both traditions regarding the nature and role of habits, in order to put forward a habit-based epistemology as an alternative to the Cartesian idea-based epistemology that has dominated modern philosophy. We pay particular attention to the work of classical pragmatist C.S. Peirce, arguing that his semiotics, which analyses sign-use as habit, shows how theorists of embodied cognition can break a certain false dichotomy between embodiment and logical or intellectual structure which has prevented them from fully theorising propositional knowledge. In this way, our work both augments and challenges the Dewey/Merleau-Ponty connection that has been much more extensively explored by the field.

History

Journal

European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy

Volume

XIV

Article number

2994

Pagination

1-21

ISSN

2036-4091

eISSN

2036-4091

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

2

Publisher

Associazione Pragma