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High-output acoustoelectric power generators from poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) electrospun nano-nonwovens

Version 2 2024-06-06, 12:03
Version 1 2017-04-12, 09:05
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 12:03 authored by C Lang, J Fang, H Shao, H Wang, G Yan, X Ding, T Lin
Conversion of mechanical forces, vibrations and sound which have energy in the range of milli- to tens of watts (also referred to as “small kinetic energies” in this paper) into electricity has received global attention owing to the potential in powering electronic devices. However, most of the small kinetic energy generators can only generate electric power below 1 µW/cm 3 . As a result, an energy storage device is required to accumulate the energy generated until it reaches a sufficient level. Herein, we report the exceptionally-high acoustoelectric conversion ability of randomly-orientated electrospun poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) nanofiber nonwoven webs. The optimized device under sound is able to generate peak voltage and current of 14.5 V and 28.5 μA with a volume power density output of 306.5 μW/cm 3 (5.9 mW/cm 3 based on nanofiber web thickness). Without accumulation in any energy storage unit, the electricity generated by the nanofiber device is sufficient to light up tens of commercial LEDs, run electrochemical reactions and protect metals from corrosion. Such a novel acoustoelectric generator may offer an effective solution to recycling noise pollution into usable electricity.

History

Journal

Nano Energy

Volume

35

Pagination

146-153

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

2211-2855

eISSN

2211-3282

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017 Elsevier

Publisher

ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV