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Identifying subgroups of U.S. adults at risk for prolonged television viewing to inform program development

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2010, 00:00 authored by A King, J Goldberg, Jo SalmonJo Salmon, N Owen, David DunstanDavid Dunstan, D Weber, C Doyle, T Robinson
Background
Although adverse health effects of prolonged TV viewing have been increasingly recognized, little population-wide information is available concerning subgroups at greatest risk for this behavior.

Purpose
This study sought to identify, in a U.S. population–derived sample, combinations of variables that defined subgroups with higher versus lower levels of usual TV-viewing time.

Methods
A total of 5556 adults from a national consumer panel participated in the mail survey in 2001 (55% women, 71% white, 13% black, and 11% Hispanic). Nonparametric risk classification analyses were conducted in 2008.

Results
Subgroups with the highest proportions of people watching >14 hours/week of TV were identified and described using a combination of demographic (i.e., lower household incomes, divorced/separated); health and mental health (i.e., poorer rated overall health, higher BMI, more depression); and behavioral (i.e., eating dinner in front of the TV, smoking, less physical activity) variables. The subgroup with the highest rates of TV viewing routinely ate dinner while watching TV and had lower income and poorer health. Prolonged TV viewing also was associated with perceived aspects of the neighborhood environment (i.e., heavy traffic and crime, lack of neighborhood lighting, and poor scenery).

Conclusions

The results can help inform intervention development in this increasingly important behavioral health area.

History

Journal

American journal of preventive medicine

Volume

38

Issue

1

Pagination

17 - 26

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0749-3797

eISSN

1873-2607

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2010, American Journal of Preventive Medicine