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Impact of cleaner fuel use and improved stoves on acute respiratory infections: Evidence from India

Version 2 2024-06-13, 07:20
Version 1 2018-06-12, 12:51
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-13, 07:20 authored by P Lamichhane, A Sharma, A Mahal
Background: The use of cleaner fuel and improved stoves has been promoted as a means to lower harmful emissions from solid fuels. However, little is known about how exclusive use of cleaner fuels, mixed fuel use and improved stoves influences children's health. Methods: We compared the impact of using liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) exclusively with mixed fuel use (LPG plus polluting fuels) and with exclusive use of polluting fuels on acute respiratory infections (ARI) among 16 157 children 0-4 years of age from households in the 2012 Indian Human Development Survey. Inverse probability weighting (IPW) procedures for multiple treatments were used for this evaluation. Results: Children from households using LPG had a 5.0% lower probability of reporting ARI relative to exclusive users of polluting fuels, with larger effects (10.7%) in rural households. The probability of ARI in households using improved stoves and mixed fuel use was also lower in rural households, by 2.9% and 2.8%, respectively. The magnitude of effect varied across population subgroups, with the highest effects for children living in households living in kachha (low quality material) houses households identified as poor. Conclusion: Use of LPG and improved stoves lowered the probability of ARI among children younger than 5 years.

History

Journal

International Health

Volume

9

Pagination

349-366

Location

England

ISSN

1876-3413

eISSN

1876-3405

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal, C Journal article

Copyright notice

2017, The Author(s)

Issue

6

Publisher

OXFORD UNIV PRESS