File(s) under permanent embargo
Impacts of Saudi hegemony on the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
journal contributionposted on 2018-09-01, 00:00 authored by Shahram AkbarzadehShahram Akbarzadeh, Zahid AhmedZahid Ahmed
The events of the 2016 summit of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Turkey demonstrate how Saudi Arabia’s role within the organization has been transformed from leadership into a hegemonic one, a process that has been unfolding over five decades. As a strong voice in the Muslim world, Saudi Arabia has employed a range of diplomatic strategies, in accordance with its national interests, to influence the OIC and its member states. Based on the analysis, this paper argues that Saudi Arabia has been able to exert hegemonic control over the OIC due to the organization’s structural make-up, its reliance on Saudi funding, as well as dominance in bilateral affairs with majority of the OIC members.