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Impaired K+ regulation contributes to exercise limitation in end-stage renal failure

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2003, 00:00 authored by T Sangkabutra, D Crankshaw, C Schneider, Steve FraserSteve Fraser, S Sostaric, K Mason, C Burge, S Skinner, L McMahon, M McKenna
Background

Patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF) exhibit grossly impaired maximal exercise performance. This study investigated whether K+ regulation during exercise is impaired in ESRF and whether this is related to reduced exercise performance.

Methods

Nine stable hemodialysis patients and eight controls (CON) performed incremental cycling exercise to volitional fatigue, with measurement of peak oxygen consumption (VdotO2 peak). Arterial blood was sampled during and following exercise and analyzed for plasma [K+] (PK).

Results

The VdotO2 peak was approximately 44% less in ESRF than in CON (P < 0.001), whereas peak exercise PK was greater (7.23 plusminus 0.38 vs. 6.23 plusminus 0.14 mmol dot L-1, respectively, P < 0.001). In ESRF, the rate of rise in PK during exercise was twofold greater (0.43 plusminus 0.05 vs. 0.23 plusminus 0.03 mmol dot L-1dotmin-1, P < 0.005) and the ratio of rise in PK relative to work performed was 3.7-fold higher (90.1 plusminus 13.5 vs. 24.7 plusminus 3.3 nmol dot L-1dot J-1, P < 0.001). A strong inverse relationship was found between VdotO2 peak and the DeltaPKdot work-1 ratio (r = -0.80, N = 17, P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Patients with ESRF exhibit grossly impaired extrarenal K+ regulation during exercise, demonstrated by an excessive rise in PK relative to work performed. We further show that K+ regulation during exercise was correlated with aerobic exercise performance. These results suggest that disturbed K+ regulation in ESRF contributes to early muscle fatigue during exercise, thus causing reduced exercise performance.

History

Journal

Kidney international

Volume

63

Issue

1

Pagination

283 - 290

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

Location

London, England

ISSN

0085-2538

eISSN

1523-1755

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, International Society of Nephrology