File(s) under permanent embargo
Improvement of charge/discharge properties of oligoether electrolytes by zwitterions with an attached cyano group for use in lithium-ion secondary batteries
journal contributionposted on 2015-12-20, 00:00 authored by S Yamaguchi, M Yoshizawa-Fujita, Haijin Zhu, Maria ForsythMaria Forsyth, Y Takeoka, M Rikukawa
Zwitterions with a cyano group on the side chain (CZ) were synthesized. Although the addition of CZ caused a slightly negative effect on viscosity, ionic conductivity, limiting current density, and lithium transference number, the oxidation limit of PEGDME/lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide (LiTFSA) composites was improved to over 5 V. For charge/discharge testing using Li|electrolyte|LiCoO2 cells, the cycle stability of PEGDME/LiTFSA with CZ in the voltage range of 3.0-4.6 V was much higher than that of PEGDME/LiTFSA. Incorporating a small mole fraction of CZ into PEGDME-based electrolytes prevented an increase in the interface resistance between the electrolyte and cathode with increasing numbers of the cycle.