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Improving SPI-derived drought forecasts incorporating synoptic-scale climate indices in multi-phase multivariate empirical mode decomposition model hybridized with simulated annealing and kernel ridge regression algorithms

Version 2 2024-06-06, 10:39
Version 1 2019-06-25, 14:29
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-06, 10:39 authored by M Ali, RC Deo, T Maraseni, NJ Downs
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. New and improved drought models based on the World Meteorological Organization approved Standardized Precipitation Index, principally at multiple timescale horizons, are providing significant benefits to the hydrological community, by its widespread acceptance in the sub-field of water resources management, sustainable water use and precision agriculture. In this research paper, the existing challenges faced by a drought forecasting model trained at multiple time-scales are resolved where a new multi-phase, multivariate empirical mode decomposition model integrated with simulated annealing and Kernel ridge regression algorithms (i.e., MEMD-SA-KRR) is designed to attain significantly accurate drought forecasts for 3 agricultural sites (i.e., Faisalabad, Islamabad and Jhelum, located in Pakistan). Utilizing the multi-scalar Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) time series as a target variable for characterization of drought, twelve multivariate datasets (derived from statistically significant lagged combinations of precipitation, temperature & humidity), that are enriched with eight synoptic-scale climate mode indices and periodicity, are utilized in designing a new drought model. The study constructs a hybrid MEMD-SA-KRR model, where firstly, the data are partitioned into their respective training and testing subsets after creating historically lagged SPI at timescale (t – 1). Secondly, the MEMD algorithm is conditioned to demarcate multivariate climate indices from their training and testing sets, separately, into their decomposed intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) and residues. Thirdly, the SA method is employed to decide the most suitable IMFs. Finally, the KRR algorithm is applied to the selected IMFs to forecast multi-scaler SPI, at 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-monthly forecast horizon. The results are benchmarked with Random Forest, integrated with MEMD and SA to develop the MEMD-SA-RF equivalent model. The multi-phase MEMD-SA-KRR model is tested geographically in Pakistan, revealing that the MEMD-SA-KRR hybrid model generates reliable performance in forecasting multi-scaler SPI series, relative to the comparative models based on error analysis metrics. The hybrid drought model incorporating the most pertinent synoptic-scale climate drivers, as the model inputs has significant implications for hydrological applications and water resources management including its potential use in drought policy and drought recovery plans.

History

Journal

Journal of hydrology

Volume

576

Pagination

164-184

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0022-1694

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Elsevier B.V.

Publisher

Elsevier

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