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Improving the gas barrier, mechanical and thermal properties of poly(vinyl alcohol) with molybdenum disulfide nanosheets
journal contributionposted on 2019-04-01, 00:00 authored by Jin Zhang, Weiwei LeiWeiwei Lei, J Schutz, Dan LiuDan Liu, Bin TangBin Tang, C H Wang, Xungai Wang
New multifunctional materials with both high structural and gas barrier performances are important for a range of applications. Herein we present a one-step mechanochemical process to prepare molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) nanosheets with hydroxy functional groups that can simultaneously improve mechanical strength, thermal conductivity, and gas permittivity of a polymer composite. By homogeneously incorporating these functionalized MoS 2 nanosheets at low loading of less than 1 vol %, a poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) polymer exhibits elongation at break of 154%, toughness of 82 MJ/m 3 , and in-plane thermal conductivity of 2.31 W/m K. Furthermore, this composite exhibits significant gas barrier performance, reducing the permeability of helium by 95%. Under fire condition, the MoS 2 nanosheets form thermally stable char, thus enhancing the material's resistance to fire. Hydrogen bonding has been identified as the main interaction mechanism between the nanofillers and the polymer matrix. The present results suggest that the PVA composite reinforced with 2D layered nanomaterial offers great potentials in packaging and fire retardant applications.