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Improving the performance of prefabricated houses through multi-objective optimization design

journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-08, 03:26 authored by Y Ji, J Lv, Hong Xian LiHong Xian Li, Y Liu, F Yao, X Liu, S Wang
Building prefabrication technology provides opportunities to improve the efficiency of construction process; however, there is a missing link between building prefabrication and sustainable building design. To achieve balanced energy efficiency, economic performance, and environmental objectives of prefabricated houses, this research proposes a multi-objective optimization framework to minimize building energy consumption, costing, and carbon emission. Firstly, based on the selected 16 design parameters, the energy performance of 1.89×1013 design solutions is simulated using a BIM model, DesignBuilder, and JEPlus coupled with a developed Excel program. Then, multi-objective optimization is conducted to optimize comprehensive building energy consumption (CVBEC), life-cycle costing (LCC), and life-cycle carbon emission (LCCO2), with Artificial Neural Network (ANN) coupled with NSGA-II algorithm used to achieve the Pareto optimal solutions. The proposed framework is demonstrated in a prefabricated steel house in Beijing. Results show that the design solution with the smallest CVBEC, LCC, and LCCO2 among the Pareto optimal solutions can reduce the CVBEC by 127.4 %–117.9 %, LCC by 20.3 %–4.5 %, and LCCO2 by 150.9 %–145.5 %. The PV system sizing is then considered for further analysis. Compared to the three Pareto optimal solutions without PV, the solution with an 8 kW PV system results in a reduction in CVBEC by 87.6 kWh/m2, LCC by 84.4 CNY/m2, and LCCO2 reduction of 1121.7 kgCO2eq/m2. This research customizes an optimization framework for prefabricated houses, which can be quickly solved to obtain the optimal energy-efficient design solutions for prefabricated houses in terms of energy efficiency, economic performance, and environmental performance, and allows designers to know how they should choose prefabricated enclosure, building orientation, and photovoltaic (PV) system, etc., and therefore can be effectively used for energy-efficient design of prefabricated houses.

History

Journal

Journal of Building Engineering

Volume

84

Article number

108579

Pagination

108579-108579

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

2352-7102

eISSN

2352-7102

Language

en

Publisher

Elsevier BV

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