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In-situ cadmium phytoremediation using solanum nigrum L. : the bio-accumulation characteristics trail
journal contributionposted on 2011-01-01, 00:00 authored by P Ji, Y Song, T Sun, Y Liu, X Cao, D Xu, X Yang, Thomas Mcrae
In this study, Solanum nigrum L. was used in-situ for Cd phytoremediation in Cd polluted soil on Shenyang Zhangshi Irrigation area (SZIA) in 2008. The performance of the plant over the whole growth stage was assessed. Results showed, during the whole experimental stage, the aboveground biomass of single Solanum nigrum L. grew by a factor of 190, from 1.6 Â± 0.4 g to 300.3 Â± 30.2 g with 141.2 times extracted Cd increase from 0.025 Â± 0.001 to 3.53 Â± 0.16 mg. Both the distribution of biomass and amount of extracted Cd in the aboveground part of the plant changed according to the growth of the plant. Particularly, the percentage of biomass and extracted Cd in the stem increased from 20% to 80% and from 11% to 69%, respectively. The bioconcentration factor and transfer factor both varied significantly during the growth of the plant and the lowest values were measured at the flowering stage (0.94 Â± 0.31 and 3.48 Â± 1.14 respectively). The results in this paper provide reference values for the future research on the application of Solanum nigrum L. in phytoremediation and on chemical or/and agricultural strategies for phytoextraction efficiency enhancement.
JournalInternational journal of phytoremediation
Pagination1014 - 1023
PublisherTaylor & Francis Inc.
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2011, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
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