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In situ osmometry : validation and effect of sample collection technique

journal contribution
posted on 2013-04-01, 00:00 authored by Moneisha GokhaleMoneisha Gokhale, U Stahl, I Jalbert
Purpose: To compare tear film osmolarity measurements between in situ and vapor pressure osmometers. Repeatability of in situ measurements and the effect of sample collection techniques on tear film osmolarity were also evaluated.

Methods: Osmolarity was measured in one randomly determined eye of 52 healthy participants using the in situ (TearLab Corporation, San Diego, CA) and the vapor pressure (Vapro 5520; Wescor, Inc., Logan, UT) osmometers. In a subset of 20 participants, tear osmolarity was measured twice on-eye with the in situ osmometer and was additionally determined on a sample of nonstimulated collected tears (3 µL) with both instruments.

Results: Mean (SD) tear film osmolarity with the in situ osmometer was 299.2 (10.3) mOsmol/L compared with 298.4 (10) mmol/kg with the vapor pressure osmometer, which correlated moderately (r = 0.5, P < 0.05). Limits of agreement between the two instruments were -19.7 to +20.5 mOsmol/L. Using collected tears, measurements with the vapor pressure osmometer were marginally higher (mean [SD], 303.0 [11.0] vs 299.3 [8.0] mOsmol/L; P > 0.05) but correlated well with those using the in situ osmometer (r = 0.9, P < 0.05). The mean (SD) osmolarity of on-eye tears was 5.0 (6.6) mOsmol/L higher than that of collected tears, when both measurements were conducted with the in situ osmometer. This was a consistent effect because the measurements correlated well (r = 0.65, P < 0.05).The in situ osmometer showed good repeatability with a coefficient of repeatability of 9.4 mOsmol/L (r = 0.8, P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Correlation between the two instruments was better when compared on collected tear samples. Tear film osmolarity measurement is influenced by the sample collection technique with the osmolarity of on-eye tears being higher than that of collected tears. This highlights the importance of measuring tear film osmolarity directly on-eye. The in situ osmometer has good repeatability for conducting this measurement.

History

Journal

Optometry and vision science

Volume

90

Issue

4

Pagination

359 - 365

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Location

Philadelphia, Pa.

ISSN

1040-5488

eISSN

1538-9235

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2013, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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